What is the Black Scholes Options Pricing Model? The Black Scholes Options Pricing Model, also known as the Black-Scholes-Merton (BSM) model, is one of the most important concepts in modern financial theory. This mathematical equation estimates the theoretical value of derivatives, taking into account the impact of time and other risk factors. Developed in 1973, it is still regarded as one of the best ways for pricing an options contract. Related articles What is a Breakeven Price? What is Charm? What is a Butterfly Spread? What is a Gamma Profile? What is At The Money Options?